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Nicholas II (Russian Royalty)
Date of Birth:
19 May 1868
Date of Death:
17 July 1918
Nicholas II of Russia born Nikolay Alexandrovich Romanov was the last Tsar of Russia, King of Poland, and Grand Duke of Finland. His official title was Nicholas II, Emperor and Autocrat of All the Russias and he is currently regarded as Saint Nicholas The Passion Bearer by the Russian Orthodox Church.
Nicholas II ruled from 1894 until his abdication in 1917. He proved unable to manage a country in political turmoil and command its army in World War I. His rule ended with the Russian Revolution of 1917 in which he and his family were imprisoned first in the Alexander Palace at Tsarskoe Selo, then later the Governor's Mansion in Tobolsk. Finally, at the Ipatiev House in Ekaterinburg, Nicholas and his family were executed by the Bolsheviks on the night of July 16-17, 1918. This has led to him being labeled a Martyr by various groups within Russia, but most prominently the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia. He was also nicknamed Bloody Nicholas because of the tragic events during his coronation, Bloody Sunday and his government's subsequent suppression of dissent. He is also the third richest person in history.