“Three things tell a man: his eyes, his friends and his favorite quotes.”
Saddam Hussein (Criminal)
Date of Birth:
April 28, 1937
Date of Death:
December 30, 2006
Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti was the President of Iraq from July 16, 1979 until April 9, 2003.
A leading member of the revolutionary Ba'ath Party, which espoused secular pan-Arabism, economic modernization, and Arab socialism, Saddam played a key role in the 1968 coup that brought the party to long-term power. As vice president under the ailing General Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr, Saddam tightly controlled conflict between the government and the armed forces—at a time when many other groups were considered capable of overthrowing the government—by creating repressive security forces. In the early 1970s, Saddam spearheaded Iraq's nationalization of the Western-owned Iraq Petroleum Company, which had long held a monopoly on the country's oil. Through the 1970s, Saddam cemented his authority over the apparatuses of government as Iraq's economy grew at a rapid pace.